Male chest reduction surgery is not just about removing the excess tissue and fat that are causing the appearance of “man boobs.” Other equally important goals include creating high level of symmetry between the two sides, ensuring smooth and natural contour, and avoiding surgical stigmata such as surface irregularities and visible scars.
Prominent Los Angeles plastic surgeon Dr. Tarick Smiley has recently posted male chest reduction before and after photos on Snapchat to demonstrate what the surgery can [realistically] accomplish.
Dr. Smiley combined liposuction and direct excision technique to achieve a more masculine physique. This “combo” surgery has allowed him to extract up to 2 liters of fat and copious amounts of glandular [breast] tissue.
He first performed liposuction to remove the excess fat through a small cannula (hollowed tube) that could fit into a puncture hole placed right at the lower border of the areola for optimal scar concealment.
When doing liposuction, Dr. Smiley said he preferred the tumescent technique in which large volume of fluids that contain saline, lidocaine (local anesthesia), and epinephrine (to constrict the blood vessels and thus limit the amount of bleeding) are injected into the treatment site.
With liposuction, he was able to remove around 1 liter of unwanted fat on each side.
Next, Dr. Smiley created an incision still right at the lower border of the areola so the scar would remain hidden. The idea, he said, was to remove the excess glandular tissue.
“The white glandular tissue is extremely fibrous and so it will not come out with liposuction alone. Most patients really need an excision-based technique to achieve a nicer and flatter chest,” Dr. Smiley said on Snapchat.
Before closing the incisions, the surgeon examined both sides to ensure that high level of symmetry has been achieved and possibly to address any contour irregularities while the patient was still on the operating table.
He then closed the incisions with multiple rows of tiny sutures without picking up the skin whose edges were instead held together by surgical tape. With this suturing technique, the skin received no or very little tension, which is the key to favorable scar.
Fibrosis from liposuction happens because the body invariably creates scars in the areas where the cannula (or suction tube that removes fats) has passed through. This creates adhesion that results in surface irregularities and firmness, which tend to improve with time.
In a nutshell, most patients can expect smooth results as the scars remodel and soften with time, says leading Beverly Hills plastic surgeon Dr. Tarick Smiley.
Dr. Smiley uses gentle liposuction techniques to minimize injury and internal scarring, which is tied to surface irregularities.
However, a small number of patients can have fibrosis that can last for many years (or even permanent) and thus they necessitate some type of revision. The flanks and upper abdomen are areas believed to be susceptible to this problem.
If excessive scars form internally under the skin surface and do not improve with time, subcision can help minimize skin puckering or firmness. This is a rather straightforward procedure in which a special needle is inserted adjacent to the scar and is moved back and forth in a fan-like motion to release the fibrous bands.
Nonetheless, there are ways to prevent aggressive formation of fibrosis, which is tied to contour irregularities and other surgical stigmata. For instance, Dr. Smiley highlights the importance of correct motion when using the liposuction cannula.
- The cannula is moved back and forth in a criss-cross fashion to remove fats uniformly.
- Avoid being too close to the skin. Meanwhile, the cannula must be moved at varying levels to achieve smooth results and to avoid dermal damage, which is tied to excessive scarring or fibrosis.
- Use microcannula, as opposed to large cannula, because it removes smaller bits of fats and causes less amount of trauma.
- Prolonged aspiration in one spot should be always avoided.
Aside from meticulous surgical techniques, the celebrity plastic surgeon says other modalities can further promote smooth results and prevent fibrosis from liposuction. These include the use of good-fitting compression garment for at least two weeks, massage to control swelling, VelaShape, or a combination of them.
VelaShape, which is an FDA approved non-surgical treatment, is particularly ideal after liposuction. This uses a handheld device that improves contour deformities through massage, suction, infrared light, and radio frequency.
Most patients will need 4-6 weekly VelaShape treatments to achieve smoother skin surface following liposuction surgery.
BBL surgery, also called Brazilian butt lift or buttock augmentation via fat grafting, is a two-step procedure: liposuction to collect fats from multiple donor sites followed by fat injection into the buttocks and hips to achieve a more feminine curve.
While fat or volume distribution is the key to achieve a more feminine silhouette—i.e., narrow waist juxtaposing the curvy hips and buttocks—symmetry also plays a critical role in patient satisfaction following BBL.
Photo credit: kidshealth.org
One way to ensure a good level of symmetry (“perfect” mirror image between the left and right side is simply impossible) is to identify any existing asymmetry prior to surgery. This is particularly true for patients with scoliosis, a disorder in which the spine curves sideways.
(Note: The spine should appear straight when looking from the front.)
Orange County plastic surgery expert Dr. Tarick Smiley has previously performed BBL on a female patient with scoliosis.
The patient’s spine curved to the right and thus it appeared to have more volume compared to the left side. Hence, during liposuction Dr. Smiley removed a bit more fat to the “bulging side” to achieve a more symmetric appearance.
A meticulous performed liposuction of the flanks and lower back also allowed Dr. Smiley to reduce the appearance of skin fold caused by the sideway curve of the spine.
It should be noted that scoliosis also affects the appearance of hips, making one side appear more prominent. This asymmetry must be taken into account during fat injection so as to allow the surgeon to make some adjustment in volume distribution.
During fat injection, Dr. Smiley says that microdroplet technique is critical in creating infinitesimal compartments of fat, which allow for blood vessel ingrowth that is the key to achieve near permanent results.
Without blood vessel ingrowth, Dr. Smiley has warned that fat would simply die and become resorbed by the surrounding tissue.
Closed rhinoplasty dorsal hump reduction involves meticulous techniques in order to create natural-looking results—i.e., the patient’s new nose looks as if he or she was born with it.
Recently, Inland Empire plastic surgery expert Dr. Tarick Smiley has shown images on Snapchat depicting this surgical technique performed on a female patient with nasal aesthetic issues that included prominent dorsal bump, droopy tip, and “nostrils that were showing too much.”
The patient’s rhinoplasty, or colloquially referred to as nose job, was performed via closed technique in which all the incisions were made inside the nostrils, precisely along their inner lining. Not only it resulted in well-concealed scars, she also mentioned a “relatively easy recovery due to minimal pain, swelling, and bruising.”
Dr. Smiley was able to create a “nicer and flatter” dorsal (nasal bridge) by removing the excess bone and cartilage. (Note: The upper one-third of the nose is composed of bone, while the remainder is comprised of cartilaginous framework, which makes it malleable but nonetheless firm.)
A piece of cartilage was then cut/reshaped so it could provide a strong tip support, ensuring that the results are stable (can resist or postpone aging and other changes). The same technique has also corrected the drooping tip appearance.
In general, a drooping tip, which also elongates the nose, detracts from the feminine face. According to several studies, attractive female noses have an angle of tip rotation that is between 95 and 110 degrees, giving it a slightly upturned appearance.
On the other hand, men can tolerate a slightly droopy tip without affecting their facial balance and level of attractiveness.
Elevating the patient’s droopy and bulbous tip has also made it appear more refined and narrower, and the nostrils have invariably improved as well.
Dr. Smiley says the ideal nose is not strictly defined by specific looks or rigid beauty tenets. The goal is to reshape the nose in a way that it complements the patient’s facial features, gender, ethnicity, age, and even height/body frame.
However, certain mathematical ratios that determine the ideal facial proportions do exist that can help plastic surgeons create natural results from rhinoplasty. For instance, for most people the ideal breadth of the nose is equal to the distance between the eyes.
Also, the length of the nose is ideally similar to the vertical height of the chin.
Celebrity Beverly Hills plastic surgeon Dr. Tarick Smiley has recently shared a photo of a patient who had BBL after one year. In general, the surgery’s longevity varies greatly from patient to patient, although most can expect to maintain their results between seven and 12 years.
BBL, which is an acronym for Brazilian buttock lift, typically involves large-volume liposuction to collect fats from multiple donor sites. After they are purified, they are injected into the buttocks and hips at a varying layer to ensure high survival rate of fat grafts.
Dr. Smiley says it is also critical to inject fats not too close to the skin to minimize bruising and swelling. It should be noted that too much swelling results in additional pressure, which is the enemy of high survival rate.
Aside from meticulous surgical techniques, Dr. Smiley says that long-term results also depend on the patient’s commitment, especially in the first three weeks when the fat grafts are in their most delicate stage, as they are still developing their own blood supply and the extracellular matrix, a mesh-like anatomy that integrates the grafts with other tissues, is yet to stabilize.
“In the first three weeks postop, we ask our patients to use medical donut pillow, Boppy, or pregnancy cushion. The goal is to eliminate or at least minimize pressure on the fat grafts, thus allowing them to stabilize in their new location,” he says in a video posted on Snapchat.
“We even teach our patients on how to sit on the back of their legs, as opposed to their buttocks,” he further explained.
To further promote high survival rate, Dr. Smiley says he recommends a “special sleeping position” in the first three weeks postop.
“Pillows are put behind the knees and back to somewhat elevate the buttocks when the patient is in supine position,” he added.
Patient commitment should also include avoiding tobacco products particularly in the first few months postop because they contain nicotine that robs the body of its oxygen, which is the key element to promote high survival rate of fat grafts.