In very rare instances, the eyelashes after eyelid surgery become dormant although should the problem occur it generally resolves on its own after several months.
During a lower eyelid surgery, a fine incision is made very close to the lower lash line in an attempt to conceal the scar. However, the very same “line of thought” could injure the hair follicles, which may not grow back.
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Sometimes, the damaged lashes do grow back but because of the adjacent scar tissue they become misdirected and/or too sparse. While it may be tempting to use Latisse (a gel that helps the lashes grow thicker and longer), this should not be used on the lower eyelid.
Furthermore, eyelash transplant is inadvisable because the grafts tend to grow too long and too quick to the point that they could irritate the eyes, as suggested by Los Angeles plastic surgery experts.
Skilled plastic surgeons know the importance of precise scar placement during a lower eyelid surgery: There is a fine line between positioning it too close that the hair follicles become injured, or too far that it becomes visible.
Instead of using an exterior incision placed closed to the lower lash margin, patients with under eye-bags primarily caused by excess fat—with no or very little loose skin—the best approach is to place the scar inside the actual lower lid. Through this technique, the surgeon is able to excise a small piece of fat and/or transpose it so the lower lid surface would be almost the same as the upper cheek.
Whether the eyelid surgery involves the use of exterior or interior incision placement, the hair follicles might be damaged without meticulous surgical maneuvers. For this reason a prudent patient makes sure that she only deals with a board-certified plastic surgeon who performs the surgery on a regular basis, ideally over a hundred procedures every year.
Aside from having “extensive” experience, the “right” surgeon for the job should also have a good eye for detail. Fortunately, the before-and-after photos of his previous patients can shed light on his “artistic skills,” which play a critical role in plastic surgery.
The before-and-after photos should have no visible stigmata such as lid retraction, poor scarring, and obvious asymmetry.
Breast lift and implants revision is inherently a tricky combo procedure. First and foremost, patients seeking it have breast and skin tissue that is susceptible to the effects of gravity and stretching.
Nonetheless, breast lift and implants revision can still provide good results, provided that proper implant selection, strict patient selection, and correct surgical maneuvers are all present.
Before and After Photos of a Patient Who Have Had Breast Lift and Implants Revision
Depending on the patient’s goal and cosmetic concern, the revision surgery may involve replacing the implants with something smaller or bigger.
While large implants can give additional fullness in the upper breast pole, the added weight to the breast increases the stress on skin thus reversing the effects of breast lift. For this reason the underlying anatomies, particularly their limitations, must always be respected and recognized.
Tissue-based planning system is one way to lower the complication and revision rate in breast implant surgery, with or without simultaneous breast lift, according to a study published by journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.
Tissue-based planning system involves careful evaluation of the underlying anatomies of the breast, particularly its soft tissue thickness, dimension, and skin quality, to identify the breast implant size range that will have no or very little detrimental impact on the long-term appearance of the breast.
Simply put, tissue-based planning system aims to prevent or at least minimize implant rippling and palpability and inadvertent shifting.
Aside from proper implant size selection, the breast lift technique will also have a large effect on the surgery’s longevity, as suggested by Los Angeles plastic surgery experts. Internal adjustment of the entire tissue with the use of sutures to support the new contour can lead to a better shape that can withstand the effects of aging for many years.
In any type of breast lift, the fascial layer beneath the skin is closed and sutured in several layers; this technique not only results in additional strength but also promotes better scars as the skin receives no or very little tension.
Despite reshaping the breast tissue, sometimes it remains weak and thus sagging will occur much sooner. For this reason some patients will need reconstructive tissue matrix or surgical mesh (e.g., Strattice), which is used beneath the skin to further reinforce the tissue.
The use of biological tissue matrix helps plastic surgeons address common challenges involved in breast lift and implants revision such as malposition, rippling, and capsular contracture.
Breast augmentation final shape will depend on several factors including the implant (particularly its shape, size, and profile), the patient’s underlying anatomies, and the surgeon’s skills.
In a recent Snapchat post, celebrity Los Angeles plastic surgery expert Dr. Tarick Smiley has explained his nine-point system to deliver great breast augmentation final shape that conforms to the [universal] beauty ideals.
1. Symmetry of the nipple area. The right and left areolas should lie almost on the same horizontal plane to achieve natural-looking results. To achieve this, precise pocket dissection is of critical importance.
2. Symmetry of the upper breast pole, especially in terms of fullness and projection. Some patients want a less rounded appearance, while others want a more prominent look. For this reason, there should be an honest discussion between the surgeons and the patients to produce satisfying results.
3. The upper breast pole should account for about 30 percent of the total fullness or volume. However, the personal preference of the patient will still play a critical role.
4. Symmetry of the lower breast pole, especially in terms of fullness and projection.
5. The lower breast pole should account for about 70 percent of the total fullness or volume. More than this amount and the patient could run the risk of having her breasts appear saggy.
6. The bottom edge of the areolar complex is about 2 cm above the breast fold. It is important to note that the nipple area serves as the delineating mark between the upper and lower breast poles.
7. The lateral bulge should account for just about 10 percent of the total breast volume. Too much and the breasts will appear too wide apart.
8. Symmetry of the cleavage. Generally, implant pocket is created between 10 o’clock and 2 o’clock to achieve cleavage that looks balanced. However, it is important to note that the preoperative breast location will still have a large effect on how much cleavage one would have after surgery.
9. There should be no visible scar and signs of implants, i.e., rippling and palpability. For this reason the celebrity plastic surgeon prefers the peri-areolar incision technique in which the scar lies precisely at the dark-light skin junction. To further achieve natural results, silicone implants favor a good number of patients, particularly those with little soft tissue coverage to begin with.
Tummy tuck and pubic lift are commonly combined to create a smooth transition between the lower abdomen and the pubic area (or mons pubis). The surgery uses a hip-to-hip incision that is positioned very low almost reaching the patient’s pubic hairline, thus her underwear conceals the resulting scar.
Celebrity Los Angeles plastic surgery expert Dr. Tarick Smiley has recently posted a Snapchat video to demonstrate how tummy tuck and pubic lift is accomplished.
Tummy tuck and pubic lift before and after photos
In the video, the patient has a large amount of excess skin reaching her hips and a sagging mons pubis due to significant weight fluctuations in the past.
With the use of hip-to-hip incision, Dr. Smiley was able to lift the entire upper abdominal skin, allowing him to suture the loose muscle from the pubic area to the posterior of the breastbone. Instead of using a long “running” single stitch to support the underlying structure, the surgeon says he prefers creating a single stitch one at a time.
While placing individual stitches takes time, he prefers the technique due to the additional support, which could minimize the effects of inadvertent pregnancy or moderate weight gain. Nonetheless, it remains in the patients’ best interest to avoid these two “factors” that can affect the results of tummy tuck, he warns.
After tightening the abdominal muscle, the surgeon removed the excess skin to create a narrower and flatter waistline.
To further create a more balanced and tighter result, he re-anchored the mons pubis tissue to elevate it.
With tummy tuck tuck and pubic lift, it is of critical importance to position the scar lower so when it is lifted, it does not ride up or become visible “beyond” the patient’s underwear, says the celebrity plastic surgeon.
Aside from re-anchoring the mons pubis, some patients may also need liposuction or direct removal of excess fat in the mons pubis to prevent unsightly bulges or swelling in the area after surgery, he further explains.
Contrary to popular belief, liposuction does not aim to remove optimal amount of fat. In fact, it is critical to leave behind a sufficient layer to prevent skin irregularities and other surgical stigmata, says Dr. Smiley.
Thigh lift techniques come in different incision patterns based on the location and extent of the redundant skin caused by aging or massive weight loss. Oftentimes, the scars are concealed by the natural skin creases (e.g., groin or junction of butt cheek and posterior thigh) or at least by the patient’s undergarment.
Celebrity Los Angeles plastic surgery expert Dr. Tarick Smiley has explained some common thigh lift techniques and how they improve the leg contour.
The truth is, the inner thigh lift in itself comes in several variations since each patient has unique anatomies. But in general, people who need a minimal amount of correction—or to be more specific, the redundant skin is only limited to the upper third of their legs—removing a wedge of skin and fat on the inner thigh is enough to produce the desired results.
The aforementioned technique results in scars that are positioned within the groin; hence, the natural skin crease and the patient’s underwear conceal them very well.
Another common variation of the inner thigh results in a T-shaped scar. Aside from removing a wedge of excess skin around the groin area, it also involves a vertical scar to eliminate more skin from below.
It may involve using incisions located near the patient’s hipbone, which is ideal if she is also having a simultaneous tummy tuck since the scar is simply extended horizontally.
Another variation is to create diagonal incisions from the top of the leg (still within the natural skin crease of the groin) that are sometimes extended to the hips or even the upper buttock area.
Other Important Considerations:
Thigh lift techniques that use longer incisions are reserved for massive weight loss patients who are very prone to large redundant skin. For these individuals, thigh lift is just one of the critical aspects of body contouring surgery to achieve a near normal appearance.
While performing simultaneous surgeries in one operation has become a common routine nowadays, Dr. Smiley says that MWL patients often need to have them in sequence to minimize the surgical trauma and bleeding. The general rule of thumb, he explains, is to keep any elective surgery under 5-6 hours.
Because of the extent of incisions required by body contouring for MWL patients, proper wound closure is particularly critical to avoid wound healing problems. Most surgeons agree that closing the deeper tissue layers first with more tension and then minimizing the tension as they approach the surface can improve healing and result in better scars.