Tummy tuck surgery removes the hanging skin and excess fat often with the use of a hip-to-hip incision placed very low within the “bikini area” so the resulting scar is well concealed.
Aside from skin excision, the surgery also typically incorporates muscle repair, navel repair, and liposuction of the flanks to further create natural curves and contours.
Renowned Los Angeles plastic surgeon Dr. Tarick Smiley has recently posted a series of videos on Snapchat to demonstrate a “special case” of tummy tuck: The female patient previously had appendectomy, resulting in a scar on the right side of the abdomen that was causing asymmetric skin folds [see the “before” picture below].
Dr. Smiley said the skin fold must be released during tummy tuck to achieve smooth results.
During surgery, Dr. Smiley placed a curved hip-to-hip incision very low that its mid aspect was at the same level as the pubic hairline; this allowed him to remove the loose skin along with the appendectomy scar.
The celebrity plastic surgeon said that prior to surgery he “marked” the patient standing up to assess more accurately how much skin must be removed.
“Marking should be done while the patient is standing since when one is lying down, everything shifts,” he said.
Aside from removing the large skin folds causing the unsightly “rolls,” the celebrity plastic surgeon also performed muscle repair with the use of permanent sutures.
The pair of vertical muscle, which runs between the lower and upper abdomen, is naturally placed side by side until pregnancy or large weight fluctuation causes it to become separated. Hence, Dr. Smiley tightens it with the use of individual permanent suturing technique known to provide additional support and narrowing effect on the waistline.
To further ensure a feminine contour, Dr. Smiley performed navel repair to reduce its size and make it more proportionate to the flatter, narrower waistline. Furthermore, he placed it at the same level as the “stable bone” of the iliac crest or hipbone for the most natural effect.
During navel repair, he placed the incision inside the rim of the belly button to ensure that the scar would remain hidden.
Mommy makeover surgery is any combination of body contouring surgeries performed simultaneously to improve the post-pregnancy body of patients. Common combination procedures include tummy tuck with liposuction of flanks, tummy tuck with some type of breast enhancement, and breast lift with implants.
The results of body contouring surgeries are near permanent, provided that the patient manages her weight through regular exercise and superb diet. It is important to note that fad diets and pills almost always don’t work long term and so weight management should be a lifelong commitment, says leading Beverly Hills plastic surgeon Dr. Tarick Smiley.
After muscle repair, precise skin removal, and liposuction along the flanks, this patient is ecstatic with the results.
To shed light on the issue, Dr. Smiley has recently posted several mommy makeover surgery pictures on his Snapchat.
One patient received tummy tuck to remove the redundant skin between her mid and lower abdomen. To further achieve a flatter contour, the underlying muscle between the sternum and below the navel was tightened with the use of internal permanent sutures known for their additional strength (compared with absorbable sutures).
To further achieve a more feminine silhouette—i.e., cinching effect on her waistline—she also received liposuction along her flanks. Dr. Smiley started off the surgery with this procedure so he could tighten and pull more skin during tummy tuck.
When looked closely, the “after” photo (taken six months postop) reveals some muscle definition, which contributes to the more athletic but still feminine appearance of the abdomen. Furthermore, the new navel looks smaller and more proportionate compared with the “before” photos.
Tummy tuck and breast lift give this patient a more feminine and more youthful physique.
The second sample of mommy makeover surgery pictures shows a patient who had tummy tuck and breast lift performed simultaneously. Due to her underlying anatomy—there is a great distance between the lowest rib and hip—Dr. Smiley was able to significantly “reshape the sides” or flanks, leading to the hourglass appearance of her body.
And as seen from the “after” photos, tummy tuck has given her a flatter tummy, a significant improvement from her previous barrel-shaped torso.
To further complement the cinching effect of tummy tuck, she also had a breast lift in which her actual breast tissue, not just the skin alone, was elevated and reshaped with the use of internal sutures. Aside from the perkier appearance, Dr. Smiley has also created better cleavage and additional upper pole fullness of the breast.
Body contouring plastic surgery is a broad term used to describe any techniques employed by surgeons to improve areas of the body that have redundant skin and sagging appearance, which commonly occur after massive weight loss and pregnancy. Meanwhile, the aging process can also contribute to tissue laxity.
Body contouring after massive weight loss almost always entails skin removal. Good examples include arm lift, tummy tuck, lower body lift, and thigh lift. The vast majority of MWL female patients also warrant some type of breast enhancement—e.g., breast reduction and/or breast lift.
Tummy tuck is arguably the most powerful tool in body contouring for MWL patients, according to the Inland Empire Plastic Surgery Institute. It removes the excess skin and fat between the navel and the pubic “hairline,” before redraping the skin in the upper abdomen to close the hip-to-hip incision.
All efforts are made to place the hip-to-hip scar very low so it remains concealed by the patient’s underwear. But for massive weight loss patients, the scar might be extended to their flanks or even around their entire torso, a technique referred to as lower body lift or circumferential lift.
A lower body lift basically combines tummy tuck, outer thigh lift, and buttock lift.
Meanwhile, body contouring plastic surgery also encompasses procedures to reverse the effects of pregnancy. Common examples include tummy tuck, breast augmentation, breast lift, and abdominal liposuction, which can help patients regain their pre-pregnancy body.
Whether liposuction is performed in MWL patients or individuals who have always managed a healthy weight but nonetheless have “stubborn” fat, skin elasticity—how much shrinkage it can allow—will determine the ideal amount of removed fat. Furthermore, it is important to preserve a thin layer of fat beneath the skin to avoid surface irregularities.
Implants are also used in body contouring plastic surgery. Their main objective is to increase volume of the “target” area, which could be the female breast, male chest, calf, and bicep.
Male patients who seek body implant surgery typically want to emphasize bulk; hence, a good number of them are body-builders. (Note: Some men do not have the muscle type that allows them to develop their calf, chest, or bicep muscle with weight lifting and other rigorous exercise routine, making them good candidates for implants.)
Women, meanwhile, generally seek body implants to improve their proportions. As a result they typically seek breast and buttock implants—two synthetic prostheses that can deliver a more feminine silhouette.
The incision pattern used in the inner thigh lift surgery is primarily determined by the location of excess skin. In general, massive weight loss patients should expect longer scars to remove more redundant skin.
Basically, there are two ways to accomplish the inner thigh lift surgery: short scar and standard medial thigh lift.
In short-scar inner thigh lift, the resulting scar lies precisely at the groin and thus well hidden by the patient’s underwear. However, it is only suitable for individuals with mild tissue laxity.
In massive weight loss patients, a wedge of excess skin is also removed where the thigh meets the pubic area, resulting in the appearance of groin scar. But another vertical scar that extends down to their legs, almost reaching their knees, is also required for additional contouring.
All efforts are made to ensure that the vertical scar remains on the inner aspect of the legs. For this reason proper wound closure in which there is no or very little tension on skin is particularly critical.
Without tension on the skin surface, the scars are less likely to migrate or thicken, according to California Surgical Institute website.
The wounds are closed in several deep layers so the skin surface will not receive excessive tension. Butterfly stitches, also called Steristrips, can further reduce the tension.
Butterfly stitches are narrow adhesive strips that hold the edges of a wound in an attempt to encourage the scar to remain linear and “unobtrusive.”
While inner thigh lift is commonly performed as a critical part of a full body lift after massive weight loss, it is rarely combined with tummy tuck due to the “opposing” tensions of these two procedures, which could lead to poor healing and less than optimal scar.
Tummy tuck elevates the mons pubis to some extent, while the inner thigh lift creates a “downward pull.” For this reason it is best to perform them separately to avoid healing problems.
Most patients are able to return to work after 2-3 weeks, although they may have to avoid rigorous activities for a few more weeks.
Mommy makeover revision surgery becomes necessary because of three basic reasons: inadvertent pregnancy, significant weight fluctuations, and botched results from the initial procedure.
A mommy makeover surgery is any combination of body contouring procedures that generally focus on improving the appearance of abdomen and breasts, areas that are highly susceptible to the effects of pregnancy.
Leading body contouring expert Dr. Tarick Smiley says all efforts are made to avoid the need for mommy makeover revision, adding that it always starts with proper patient selection—i.e., the patient must be near her ideal weight and is done having children.
Nevertheless, “inadvertent” pregnancy and drastic weight fluctuations do happen, which can change if not reverse the results of tummy tuck, breast augmentation, and breast lift, which are the three most common mommy makeover procedures performed by the celebrity plastic surgeon.
Oftentimes, mommy makeover revision is possible provided that the patient’s weight has been stable for at least six months and/or she has fully recovered from the “trauma” of childbirth (it takes about 6-12 months); however, a longer waiting period is deemed necessary if one chooses to breastfeed.
It is important to note that the hormones that trigger the body to produce milk have some effect on skin elasticity or shrinkage; hence, the patient must wait at least six months after weaning, says Dr. Smiley.
All efforts are made to avoid additional scars in mommy makeover revision, so the surgeon would simply use the previous incision sites. However, some patients may have to accept a longer scar to achieve the optimal breast shape or to preserve the natural curves and contours of their tummy.
For instance, a patient who previously had a mini tummy tuck (its scar is typically 4-6 inches in length) but later gained weight or became pregnant may need her scar extended from hip to hip, which is the standard technique, to achieve a flatter abdomen and a narrower waistline.
Also, a patient who had a modified form of breast lift (less scarring) may have to accept the scars from the standard technique (it uses an anchor-shaped incision for additional lifting effect) if she requires a more extensive revision.
In the event of botched mommy makeover surgery, Dr. Smiley says it is of critical importance to wait at least six months before a revision is attempted. The idea is to wait for the skin to relax and the implants (in the case of breast augmentation surgery) to settle.
Performing revisions too soon is like “hitting a moving target,” hence the results are harder to predict, he explains.